Chesapeake Energy bills itself as “America’s Champion of Natural Gas” and is one of the most active independent operators drilling in the United States. The Chesapeake – CNOOC joint venture announced in October 2010 brought the Chinese into one of America’s hottest plays. CNOOC paid Chesapeake $2.16 billion or $10,800 per acre for a 33% interest in 600,000 net acres at the time of the deal. CNOOC also has an option to participate with a 33.3% share in additional acreage and the development of midstream infrastructure with Chesapeake. Chesapeake and CNOOC target the Eagle Ford Shale play’s oil window at depths of 5,000-11,000 ft with horizontal wells that have an additional 5,000-8,000 ft average lateral length.
Chesapeake is the most active company drilling wells in many of these areas and controls much of its own mid-stream, compression, drilling and oilfield service assets. Chesapeake came onto the scene in the Eagle Ford as the company began leasing acreage in the oil window in August 2009 and accumulated over 600,000 net acres.
In July of 2013, Chesapeake sold 55,000 net acres to EXCO Resources for $680 million
The company’s stock is traded on the NYSE under the symbol CHK. Chesapeake’s headquarters is in Oklahoma City, OK. In South Texas, Chesapeake has field offices in Carrizo Springs, San Antonio, Victoria, and Zapata.
Chesapeake Energy develops onshore U.S. natural gas and oil reserves in the Barnett Shale (North Texas), Bossier (Louisiana), Eagle Ford Shale and Pearsall Shale (South Texas), Haynesville Shale (East Texas and Louisiana), Marcellus Shale (Appalachian Region of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia), and Niobrara Shale (Colorado and Wyoming).
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Counties Where Chesapeake is Active
- Atascosa County
- Dimmit County
- Duval County
- Frio County
- Goliad County
- LaSalle County
- McMullen County
- Washington County
- Webb County
- Zavala County
Chesapeake Eagle Ford Shale Quarterly Commentary
August 1, 2013
In the Eagle Ford Shale play, Chesapeake connected 140 wells to sales during the 2013 second quarter, which was substantially more than the 111 wells connected during the 2013 first quarter. Net production during the 2013 second quarter averaged approximately 85,000 boe/d (190,000 gross operated boe/d). This represents an increase of 135% year over year and 14% sequentially. The average peak daily production rate of the 140 wells that commenced first production during the 2013 second quarter was approximately 900 boe/dy. Approximately 66% of the company’s Eagle Ford production during the 2013 second quarter was oil, 14% was NGL and 20% was natural gas.
Chesapeake is currently operating 15 rigs in the Eagle Ford and, due to reduced cycle times and the sale discussed above, plans to reduce its operated rig count to 10 by the end of 2013. Average spud-to-spud cycle time during the quarter was 16 days, down from 21 days year over year. As of June 30, 2013, Chesapeake had drilled a total of 963 wells in the Eagle Ford, which included 795 producing wells, 24 additional wells waiting on pipeline connection and 144 wells in various stages of completion.
May 1, 2013
Chesapeake continues to generate strong liquids production growth rates from its Eagle Ford Shale play in South Texas. Net production during the 2013 first quarter averaged 75,000 boe/d (166,000 gross operated boe/d). This represents an increase of 225% year over year and 20% sequentially. Approximately 65% of the company’s Eagle Ford production during the 2013 first quarter was oil, 18% was NGL and 17% was natural gas.
As of March 31, 2013, Chesapeake had drilled a total of 887 wells in the Eagle Ford, which included 650 producing wells, 34 additional wells waiting on pipeline connection and 203 wells in various stages of completion. The company is currently operating 15 rigs in the play and plans to reduce its operated rig count to 13 rigs in the second half of 2013. Spud-to-spud cycle times during the quarter were 18 days, down from 25 days year over year. Chesapeake plans to have substantially all of its core Eagle Ford acreage held by production by the end of 2013. The average peak daily production rate of the 111 wells that commenced first production during the 2013 first quarter was approximately 950 boe/d.
Chesapeake is in the process of selling a portion of its northern Eagle Ford Shale leasehold and producing assets which are outside of its core development area.
February 21, 2013
Chesapeake continues to generate impressive liquids production growth rates from its 485,000 net acres of leasehold in the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas. Net production during the 2012 fourth quarter averaged 62,500 boe/d (143,200 gross operated boe/d). This represents an increase of 266% year over year and 20% sequentially. Approximately 66% of total Eagle Ford production during the 2012 fourth quarter was oil, 15% was NGL and 19% was natural gas.
As of December 31, 2012, Chesapeake had 534 gross operated producing wells in the Eagle Ford, of which 405 reached first production in 2012, including 98 in the fourth quarter. The company is currently operating 17 rigs in the play, down from a peak of 34 rigs in April 2012, and plans to operate an average of 16 rigs in 2013. Spud-to-spud cycle times have declined dramatically in the Eagle Ford, from 26 days in the 2011 fourth quarter to only 18 days in the 2012 fourth quarter. Chesapeake plans to drill fewer Eagle Ford wells in 2013 than in 2012; however, the planned number of wells turned-to-sales will be roughly equal in both years. The company remains on pace to have substantially all of its core and Tier 1 Eagle Ford acreage held by production by the end of 2013.
Of the 98 wells that commenced first production in the 2012 fourth quarter, 90 wells (or 92%) had peak production rates of more than 500 boe/d, including 27 wells (or 28%) with peak rates of more than 1,000 boe/d.
November 1, 2012
Chesapeake’s activity on 490,000 net acres of leasehold in the Eagle Ford Shale in South Texas continues to drive strong results. The play yielded net production of 52,200 boe/d (120,500 gross operated boe/d) for the third quarter of 2012. This represents an increase of 371% year over year and 44% sequentially, which included an increase in oil production of 462% year over year and 48% sequentially. Approximately 68% of total Eagle Ford production during the 2012 third quarter was oil, 14% was NGL and 18% was natural gas.
As of September 30, 2012, CHK had 441 gross company operated producing wells in the Eagle Ford play, which included 124 wells that reached first production in the 2012 third quarter, compared to 121 in the 2012 second quarter and 40 in the 2011 third quarter. Also, Chesapeake had approximately 233 Eagle Ford wells drilled, but not yet producing.
Recent efficiency gains in drilling cycle times will allow the company to achieve its targeted well count goal utilizing fewer rigs than would have been required in 2010-12. The company is currently operating 23 rigs in the play, down from a peak of 34 rigs in April 2012 and plans to exit the year at 22 rigs. The company is currently on pace to have essentially all of its core and Tier 1 Eagle Ford acreage held by production by the 2013 fourth quarter.
Of the 124 wells which commenced first production in the 2012 third quarter, 115 wells (or 93%) had peak production rates of more than 500 boe/d, including 43 wells (or 35%) with peak rates of more than 1,000 boe/d, continuing a trend of steady operational improvement during the past year. Three notable recent wells completed by CHK in the Eagle Ford during the quarter are as follows:
- The Faith-Yana A Unit C1H in Dimmit County, TX achieved a peak rate of approximately 2,175 boe per day, consisting of 1,580 bbls of oil, 295 bbls of NGL and 1.8 mmcf of natural gas per day;
- The Gates 010-CHK-B 1286-D3H in Webb County, TX achieved a peak rate of approximately 2,100 boe per day, consisting of 660 bbls of oil, 655 bbls of NGL and 4.7 mmcf of natural gas per day; and
- The Shining Star Ranch B 1H in La Salle County, TX achieved a peak rate of approximately 1,580 boe per day, consisting of 1,450 bbls of oil, 80 bbls of NGL and 0.3 mmcf of natural gas per day.
As part of its “core of the core” strategy, Chesapeake is currently pursuing the sale of a portion of its existing leasehold and producing assets outside its current core development area in the Eagle Ford play.
August 8, 2012
Chesapeake’s Eagle Ford Shale assets continue to drive strong results, yielding net production of 36,300 barrels of oil equivalent (boe) per day (gross 75,400 boe per day) for the 2012 second quarter, an increase of 615% year over year and 58% sequentially, which included an increase in liquids production of 745% year over year and 71% sequentially. Approximately 66% of total Eagle Ford production during the 2012 second quarter was oil, 17% was NGL and 17% was natural gas. Production growth in the play has been augmented by the continued build out of new compression facilities and new pipelines as well as securing additional short-term truck transportation for oil production. Chesapeake expects price realizations to improve by approximately $5 per bbl beginning in October 2012 as new oil gathering pipelines and other infrastructure are completed.
As of June 30, 2012, Chesapeake had 337 producing wells in the Eagle Ford play, which included 121 wells that reached first production in the 2012 second quarter, compared to 62 in the 2012 first quarter and 27 in the 2011 second quarter. Also, as of June 30, 2012, Chesapeake had approximately 220 Eagle Ford wells drilled, but not yet producing, that were in various stages of completion and/or waiting on pipeline connection. Recent efficiency gains in drilling cycles of well spud to rig release and well spud to first sales, as well as reductions in service costs, have resulted in cost savings of approximately 15% per well in the Eagle Ford. As a consequence of this greater drilling efficiency, the company is planning to reduce its drilling activity in the Eagle Ford from 28 rigs currently to 25 rigs by December 2012 and plans to average 22 rigs during 2013.
Of the 121 wells which commenced first production in the 2012 second quarter, 110 wells (or 91%) had peak production rates of more than 500 boe per day, including 37 wells (or 31%) with peak rates of more than 1,000 boe per day. Three notable recent wells completed by Chesapeake in the Eagle Ford during the quarter are as follows:
- The Gates 010-CHK-B TR1-D6H in Webb County, TX achieved a peak rate of approximately 2,070 boe per day, consisting of 710 bbls of oil, 665 bbls of NGL and 4.2 mmcf of natural gas per day;
- The Holubar Dim C 2H in Dimmit County, TX achieved a peak rate of approximately 1,900 boe per day, consisting of 1,730 bbls of oil, 110 bbls of NGL and 0.4 mmcf of natural gas per day; and
- The Foley MCM A 1H in McMullen County, TX achieved a peak rate of approximately 1,500 boe per day, consisting of 1,335 bbls of oil, 55 bbls of NGL and 0.6 mmcf of natural gas per day.
May 2, 2012
Eagle Ford Shale (South Texas): Chesapeake’s activities in the Eagle Ford Shale continue to generate strong results as the company further delineates its 475,000 net acre leasehold position. Approximately 30% and 40% of the company’s 2012 and 2013 drilling budgets, respectively, have been allocated to the Eagle Ford Shale.
The Eagle Ford Shale is setting company production records on a weekly basis. Last week, we produced more than 55,000 barrels of gross operated crude. That’s a gain of 30,000 barrels of oil since January 1 of this year, which is an increase of 120% in just 4 months. We are currently producing gross operated 75,000 BOE per day in this outstanding play.
Approximately 55% of total Eagle Ford production during the 2012 first quarter was oil, 20% was natural gas liquids (NGL) and 25% was natural gas. Year to date, Chesapeake’s gross operated oil production in the Eagle Ford Shale has more than doubled from 25,000 bbls per day at the beginning of 2012 to approximately 55,000 bbls per day at the end of April 2012. The growth has been achieved as a result of increased infrastructure and takeaway capacity as well as improved lateral steering, enhanced stimulation optimization and increased operational efficiencies.
We have made improvements in our stimulation and completion processes, resulting in higher production without added cost. In fact, we were able to lower per well costs by approximately 15% due to faster drilling times and lower stimulation costs.
During the 2012 first quarter, the company brought on line more than 60 wells, including eight wells with peak rates of more than 1,000 bbls per day of oil. The company has secured pipeline transportation capacity for all of its projected Eagle Ford shale oil production with pipeline projects scheduled to become operational between May 2012 and January 2013 which will enable significant transportation cost savings relative to truck transportation alternatives.
During the 2012 first quarter, approximately $150 million of Chesapeake’s drilling costs in the Eagle Ford were paid for by its JV partner, CNOOC. Chesapeake is currently operating 35 rigs in the play and plans to average 30 rigs in 2012.
Three wells highlighted by Chesapeake in the quarter included:
- The McKenzie D 3H in McMullen County achieved a peak rate of 1,390 b/d oil, 60 b/d of NGL and 0.6 mmcf/d of natural, or approximately 1,540 boe/d
- Blakeway Unit B Dim 1H in Dimmit County achieved a peak rate of 1,200 b/d oil, 90 b/d NGL and 0.8 mmcf/d of natural gas , or approximately 1,420 boe/day
- The Lazy A Cotulla M 3H in Dimmit County achieved a peak rate of 1,020 b/d oil, 35 b/d of NGL and 0.3 mmcf/d of natural gas, or approximately 1,115 boe/d
February 22, 2012
Total net production, from the Eagle Ford, averaged over 17,700 BOE per day in Q4 2011. That’s up 60% versus Q3 and 370% year-over-year. Our current gross operated production from the play is 45,500 boe/d and 22,600 boe/d on a net basis. Our production mix in this play is approximately 50% crude, 20% NGLs and 30% natural gas. We continue to be very pleased by our performance in the Eagle Ford, and it’s a driving force behind our liquids production growth targets in the months and years ahead. To date, we have 108 wells that tested with peak oil rates of 500 b/d or more. And that’s not an equivalent basis, that’s black oil in the tanks. We are producing 178 wells in the play to date and have a backlog of almost 200 additional wells to be completed and connected in the coming months. This will fuel our production ramp-up through the end of the year and into ’13.
We finished 2011 with 7 frac crews running in the Eagle Ford and will be up to 11 by mid-March of this year and 13 by the end of 2012. We’ve also doubled our drilling efficiency in the play since January 2010 based upon drilling feet per day to now approximately 725 feet per day. And this has driven down our days/well and helped reduce costs. And great progress has been made in building and restructuring the play with the addition of 350 miles of pipeline during the year. We expect to gain greater transportation capacity as 80 more miles of pipeline and regional rail and loading terminals are put in. And we also are adding 85 oil hauling trucks from Chesapeake’s very own trucking company within Thunder Oilfield Services. These actions help ensure that our oil moves to markets that give us the highest oil price possible.
November 3, 2011
Chesapeake has four plays that resulte in more than 900 mmboe back to the company. “They would be the Eagle Ford, where we own 460,000 net acres; the Mississippi Lime play in Northern Oklahoma and Southern Kansas, where we own 1.4 million net acres; the Cleveland Tonkawa play in the Anadarko Basin, where we own 750,000 net acres; and now the Utica, where we own 1.35 million net acres after our JV sale.
Collectively, the potential of these plays, net to Chesapeake shareholders, is over 4.3 billion barrels of oil equivalent. And by the way, our net leasehold cost in those plays is now only $100 per net acre.
For example, in the Eagle Ford, we’ve only lately have had kind of a surge of production there because we were waiting on a lot of infrastructure. We just, I think, did a pretty good job of modeling for that. And you don’t see us miss our numbers and then blame unforeseen circumstances. We plan for those and take it in stride. And, again, through our balanced and diversified asset base, we can have issues in one area and not affect our overall performance.”
July 29, 2011
“…Yes, I think when you look at the Eagle Ford, you see the best rates of return in the wet gas window. It’s got a lot of energy and got a lot of hydrocarbon stuck — stacked into place.”
“Eagle Ford Shale. First Chesapeake production was in 2010. Our current gross operated production is 20,000 barrels of oil equivalent, making us the fourth largest producer in the play to date…”
May 3, 2011
“We still have — and I’ll let Steve jump in here too. But we have lots of logistics issues in the Eagle Ford where we are limited by the amount of oil that we can produce. And so we have a whole lot of oil shut in, and maybe Steve has more.”
“And there is a lot of bottlenecks associated with trucking, part of it was also completion prohibitions during the dear hunting season over the winter. And so we were able to get some oils drilled but a lot didn’t get completed until the spring. So we should have a very good quarter in the second quarter.”